In a few years the freight traffic of the commercial production has increased by more than 1.5 times between Russian Federation and the European Union in both directions. The import volume of industrial goods from the EU to Russia by four types of transport, i.e. by sea, air, road and railway, has risen from 5.4 to 8.5 million tons according to the Eurostat.
In 2011 68% of all the freight transported to Russian Federation was delivered by truck transport, while 20.5% was carried by sea. The cargo traffic distribution structure between the modes of transport has slightly changed in this direction – only 3% of the entire traffic volume has passed from highways to waterways.
The CEO of the LLC TELS Cargo Group of Companies Andrei Abrahimovich comments: “In recent years a large volume of equipment has been delivered to Russia. Russian Federation has been actively developing its inner production facility. A large number of foreign affiliates have started up. It doesn’t only refer to automobile production, but the production of food stuff and consumer goods. This is why the Russia’s export potential has risen.”
As concerns Russian export to the EU, its volume makes up 5 million tons, whereas just a few years ago it reached 3.4 million. And the rearrangement of the freight volumes between sea and road transport became critical. In 2009 the road cargo transportation accounted for 1.76 million tons of industrial goods exported from the Russian Federation which made up 52% of the overall volume of exported freight by all means of transport. And only 820 thousand tons (or 24%) of all manufactured products were delivered by sea.
In 2011 cargo transportation market from Russia to the EU acquired another distribution structure: 2.4 million tons or 47% of all the exported manufactured goods were transported by sea, while 1.8 million tons (36%) were forwarded by highways.
Thus, we can see that the volume of exported cargo to the EU from Russia has mainly increased due marine transportation, although road and railway freight forwarding have shown a slight increase.
However, in 2012 the truck transportation has become a predominant type of carriages in both directions. That year the Russian Federation has exported to the EU more than 1.1 million tons of goods by sea, and by roads it made more than 1.36 million. As for importing products, the tendency has remained unchanged.